Promoting Grit, Tenacity, and Perseverance: Critical Factors for Success in the 21st Century U.S. Department of Education

ISBN:

Published: February 6th 2013

Kindle Edition

145 pages


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Promoting Grit, Tenacity, and Perseverance: Critical Factors for Success in the 21st Century  by  U.S. Department of Education

Promoting Grit, Tenacity, and Perseverance: Critical Factors for Success in the 21st Century by U.S. Department of Education
February 6th 2013 | Kindle Edition | PDF, EPUB, FB2, DjVu, AUDIO, mp3, ZIP | 145 pages | ISBN: | 6.21 Mb

How can we best prepare children and adolescents to thrive in the 21st century—an era of achievement gaps that must be closed for the benefit of everyone in society, rapidly evolving technology, demanding and collaborative STEM knowledge work,MoreHow can we best prepare children and adolescents to thrive in the 21st century—an era of achievement gaps that must be closed for the benefit of everyone in society, rapidly evolving technology, demanding and collaborative STEM knowledge work, changing workforce needs, and economic volatility?

The test score accountability movement and conventional educational approaches tend to focus on intellectual aspects of success, such as content knowledge. However, this is not sufficient. If students are to achieve their full potential, they must have opportunities to engage and develop a much richer set of skills. There is a growing movement to explore the potential of the “noncognitive” factors—attributes, dispositions, social skills, attitudes, and intrapersonal resources, independent of intellectual ability—that high-achieving individuals draw upon to accomplish success.In this brief, we take a close look at a core set of noncognitive factors—grit, tenacity, and perseverance.

These factors are essential to an individual’s capacity to strive for and succeed at long-term and higher-order goals, and to persist in the face of the array of challenges and obstacles encountered throughout schooling and life. Importantly, we are deliberate not to treatthese factors as residing only within the student—it is the responsibility of the educational community to design learning environments that promote these factors so that students are prepared to meet 21st-century challenges.What will it take to shift educational priorities to promote not only content knowledge, but also grit, tenacity, and perseverance?

This is an important and exciting time to stop, take stock, and prepare to move forward. New and emerging trends in research, policy, programs, and technology are providing unprecedented opportunities. A growing corpus of research evidencesuggests that these factors can be just as important as intellectual abilities for success, and new research programs are exploring ways to promote these factors.

Several private foundations have recently initiated programs to push the frontiers of theory, measurement, and practice around these and related factors, particularly for at-risk and vulnerable students. In national policy, thereis increasing attention on 21st-century competencies (which encompass a range of noncognitive factors, including grit), and persistence is now part of the Common Core State Standards for Mathematics.

The popular media also reports on interest in these factors. While the United States experiences greater economic volatility than in recent decades, broad interest in grit, tenacity, and perseverance may be rising as more adults recognize the need to better prepare the nation’s young people to be resilient in the face of challenge.This brief has a special focus on the new and emerging roles technologies can play in this paradigm shift.

Technologies provide opportunities to advance education far beyond what has been possible before. Technology permits greater sophistication of assessment and adaptation to individual learning needs. It enables individuals to utilize for their own purposes an unprecedented wealth of online resources. It also provides access to worldwide interpersonalnetworking. These affordances provide new ways to promote agency and perseverance for individuals toward goals that have previously been more difficult to attain—particularly for those traditionally with limited access to resources.



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